Phlox subulata (Moss Phlox, Moss Pink)

Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic

The creeping habit of Moss Phlox can form a carpet of spring flowers as breathtaking in a residential rock garden or sprawling over rock walls as on the mountain slopes and open woodlands of its natural Mid-Atlantic* habitat. Its epithet and common name refer to its leaves–“awl-shaped” and resembling a moss-like mat, respectively.

**Native to parts of MD and PA. In VA, it is locally frequent in the mountains (except far southwest) and infrequent in the Piedmont. In NoVA, it is native to Fairfax County.

Print Version (Legal Size): Phlox subulata (Moss Phlox, Moss-pink)

Ground Cover Height: 1⁄4–1⁄2 foot; Spread: 1–2 feet; Bloom Color: White, pink or rose with darker eye Characteristics Mat-forming, evergreen, herbaceous perennial; Linear, needle-like, evergreen leaves crowded on stem; Fragrant, tubular flowers w/ 5 notched lobes & pubescent calyxes in terminal clusters (cymes) March to June; Inconspicuous seed capsules; Prostrate pubescent stems branch freely and can root at the nodes; reseeds in optimum conditions Attributes Tolerates stony soil, sandy soil, dry soil, drought, dappled p.m. shade, erosion, air pollution, and salt; No serious pests (although spider mites may appear during hot/dry weather and foliar nematodes during wet/humid weather) or diseases; Deer seldom damage but rabbits may eat foliage; Many vibrantly colored cultivars available; Attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds Growing and Maintenance Tips; Soil Requirements: Well-drained, neutral–slightly basic; Light Requirements: Sun; Water Requirements: Dry, Moist; Cut stems by half after flowering to encourage denser growth and potential rebloom; Use in borders and rock gardens and naturalized as ground cover and for erosion control; Hardiness: USDA Zones 3–9 Excellent Replacement for Ficaria verna - Fig Buttercup; Ornithogalum species - Star of Bethlehem; Ranunculus ficaria - Lesser Celandine; Vinca minor - PeriwinkleLearn more about other Mid-Atlantic plants: Tried and True Plant Fact Sheets