Rudbeckia fulgida, Eastern or Orange Coneflower
Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic
This species of coneflower, distinct from Rudbeckia hirta, the annual “Black-Eyed Susan,” features long-lasting and abundant “daisy-like” flowers that attract butterflies mid-summer to fall. Its native habitat is found in scattered pockets in the Mid-Atlantic Region,* including in Fairfax, Loudoun, and Prince William Counties.
Print Version: Rudbeckia fulgida
Learn more about other Mid-Atlantic plants: Tried and True Plant Fact Sheets
Tags: Height: 1½–3½ feet, Spread: 2–2½ feet, Bloom Color: Yellow-orange, perennial, Herbaceous perennial forming upright clumps Basal foliage emerges in early spring, but flower stalks do not appear until mid-summer, Stems and oval leaves covered with bristly hairs Purple-brown, tubular disk florets are encircled by yellow ray florets notched at tips; blooms July to October with each flower lasting several weeks, Tolerates various soil types (including clay), light shade, drought, heat, humidity, air pollution; no serious pests or diseases; if deer are overpopulated may be more susceptible to damage than R. hirta Subtle ornamental effect of persistent black fruiting heads in winter Can be used as cut or dried flower Attracts butterflies and other pollinators and birds; larval host to Silvery Checkerspot butterfly, Leucanthemum species – Ox-Eye & Shasta Daisies
Light Requirements: Sun, Partial Shade Rudbeckia hirta – Black-Eyed Susan (annual) Water Requirements: Dry, Moist Tanacetum species – Tansy Blooms best in sun; deadhead for continued bloom Zinnia species – Zinnia (annual) Prune to ground late winter; divide early spring *It is native in DC; historical in the DE Piedmont; and scattered in southeastern counties of PA. In VA, it is frequent in the Piedmont but infrequent in the mountains and inner Coastal Plain. **Syrphid flies (also known as hover flies or flower flies) frequent the flowers of Rudbeckia species. Use massed in border, cutting or meadow garden Hardiness: USDA Zones 3–9, Soil Requirements: Average, well-drained Leucanthemum species – Ox-Eye & Shasta Daisies Light Requirements: Sun, Partial Shade