Heliopsis helianthoides ([Smooth] Oxeye)

Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic

Sometimes referred to as False Sunflower, this hardy native* of open woodlands, prairies, and fields is notable for its eight-week period of peak bloom. Its 2- to 3-inch, showy yellow flowers attract a wide variety of pollinators and make it a wonderful addition to a cutting garden.

*In the Mid-Atlantic Region, it is native to DC. rare in the Piedmont and Coastal Plain of DE, and present in MD and in much of PA. It is found in NoVA, although it is most frequent in the mountains and rare in the Coastal Plain in VA.

Print Version (Legal Size): Heliopsis helianthoides ([Smooth] Oxeye)

Perennial Height: 3–6 feet Spread: 2–4 feet Bloom Color: Yellow Characteristics Upright, clumping herbaceous perennial with stiff, branched stems Opposite, ovate, toothed leaves, 6 inches long Orange-yellow daisy-like flowers w/ persisting rays and dark cone-shaped centers June to September Small, flattened, dark-colored fruit (cypselae) without tufts of hair or significant scales Spreads by self-sowing; difficult to divide Attributes Tolerates drought, erosion, and clay, dry or rocky soil No serious pests or diseases Deer rarely severely damage Nectar and pollen attract many pollinators; birds eat seeds; winter cover for beneficial insects Growing and Maintenance Tips Soil Requirements: Well-drained Light Requirements: Sun, Partial Shade Water Requirements: Dry, Moist Deadhead to extend bloom season Cut back by up to 1⁄2 in May to reduce need for staking; more support needed w/ increased shade Use in borders, cutting gardens, and meadows Hardiness: USDA Zones 3–9 Excellent Replacement for Anthemis tinctoria - Golden Marguerite Calendula officinalis - Marigold Chrysanthemum morifolium - Chrysanthemum Gerbera jamesonii - Gerbera Daisy *In the Mid-Atlantic Region, it is native to DC. rare in the Piedmont and Coastal Plain of DE, and present in MD and in much of PA. It is found in NoVA, although it is most frequent in the mountains and rare in the Coastal Plain in VA.Learn more about other Mid-Atlantic plants: Tried and True Plant Fact Sheets