Phlox paniculata (Fall or Garden Phlox)

Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic

Fall phlox has large trusses of fragrant, showy flowers in a range of pinks, purples, reds, and white. Despite its somewhat finicky disposition, it is a popular garden plant. Its native status ranges from frequent in the mountains and northern Piedmont of Virginia to adventive in Delaware.

Print Version (Legal Size): Phlox paniculata (Fall or Garden Phlox)

Phlox paniculata, Fall Phlox, Garden Phlox Perennial Height: 11⁄2–61⁄2 feet Spread: 2–3 feet Bloom Color: White, pink, purple, red Characteristics Upright herbaceous perennial that forms dense multi-stemmed clumps or open drifts Pointed elliptic, deep green leaves Large, aromatic flowers flare from a tubular base to form flat five-petaled faces from July to October Attributes Tolerates clay soil and black walnut; intolerant of drought Serious problems include phlox bugs, powdery mildew and root rot; deer and rabbits occasionally severely damage foliage Attracts butterflies, skippers, moths (including Sphinx moths), and hummingbirds; larval host to moths, Olive Arches and Heliothis phloxiphagaGrowing and Maintenance Tips Soil Requirements: Rich, well-drained Light Requirements: Sun, Partial Shade Water Requirements: Moist Plant in full sun, allow good air circulation (thin out stems as necessary), and avoid overhead watering to prevent/reduce powdery mildew** Mulch in summer to keep roots coolCut to ground in early winter and place all plant material in trash to help prevent phlox bugs *The close-up depicts Phlox paniculata ‘Europa,’ an heirloom cultivar (1910). **Numerous studies have compared powdery mildew resistance among modern cultivars. NC State University found ‘David’ and ‘Robert Poore’ to be highly resistant to powdery mildew in warm, humid climates. Use in perennial border, butterfly/bird garden, cottage garden and cutting garden Hardiness: USDA Zones 4–8 Excellent Replacement for Hesperis matronalis - Dame’s Rocket" width="612" height="1008Learn more about other Mid-Atlantic plants: Tried and True Plant Fact Sheets