Pinus strobus, Eastern White Pine

Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic 

Eastern White Pine is the largest conifer of forests in the eastern and upper midwestern United States.* It is common in the Virginia mountains and is native to NoVA except to Arlington. It neither abides the air pollution of urban and more populated areas nor salt spray, but given the right environment and enough room to grow, this conifer will become a magnificent specimen.

Print Version: Pinus strobus, Eastern White PineMGNVorg Pinus strobus

Learn more about other Mid-Atlantic plants: Tried and True Plant Fact Sheets.

Tags: Evergreen conifer with conical to irregular shape, Tufts of blue-green needles borne in feathery, clusters of five at the ends of twigs, Small yellow pollen & pink seed cones May-July, Seed cones mature to brown 4-8” long Aug-Oct, Central trunk; mature bark ridged and furrowed; tiered, horizontal branches – 1 row added per year, Sensitive to drought, intense heat, strong winds, salt, air pollution, heavy snow/ice, and some pests & diseases; deer seldom-to-frequently severely damage (saplings vulnerable if deer are overpopulated) Fast growing when young; can live a long time, Winter interest, Needles, rich in Vitamin C, make a good tisane Food/cover for wildlife; host to Eastern Pine Elfin, Moist, well-drained soil, Cedrus atlantica – Atlas Cedar, Sun, Partial Shade Larix decidua – European Dry, Moist Picea abies – Norway Spruce, Mature trees prefer full sun, Pinus nigra – Austrian Pine, Transplants well; easy to maintain Pinus sylvestris – Scots Pine, Use as ornamental lawn tree for large landscapes *It is native to DC; to MD’s northern counties and those surrounding DC; and throughout PA. It is adventive in DE. In VA, it is infrequent in the Piedmont and rare Hardiness: USDA Zones 3-8 in the Coastal Plain