Juniperus virginiana, Eastern Red Cedar
Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic
Eastern Red Cedar’s dense foliage provides excellent roosting and nesting cover for birds. Besides being a favorite wildlife food, the fruit gives gin its characteristic flavor. This long-lived juniper, which is native to eastern North America,* was prized by Virginia colonists for its wood. Today, its wood is favored as a closet/chest lining and oils are distilled for use in fragrances.
Print Version: Juniperus virginiana, Eastern Red Cedar
Learn more about other Mid-Atlantic plants: Tried and True Plant Fact Sheets
Tags: Taxus cuspidata – Japanese Yew, In the Mid-Atlantic Region, it is native in DC, portions of MD and southeastern PA. It is common in DE and throughout VA except at the higher mountain elevations, Use as a specimen, tall hedge, or windbreak or in rain gardens larger than 150 square feet, Hardiness: USDA Zones 4-9, To deter cedar apple,-hawthorn,-quince rusts don’t grow near alternate hosts, e.g., apple, serviceberry, Provides food, shelter for small mammals & birds, Ethnobotanic uses; fruits may be harmful if eaten, Winter interest, Tolerates most soil types, drought, heat, wind, salt, air pollution, and Black Walnut; no serious pests or diseases; deer seldom severely damage except for mature trees when food is scarce, Exfoliating gray to red-brown, scented bark, Pale green to dark blue berry-like cones from July to March on female plants, Scale-like foliage varies from gray- to blue- to dark green; in winter, foliage may turn brownish, Conical to columnar, evergreen conifer with horizontal branching; usually dioecious