Lesser Celandine (Ranunculus ficaria)
This native of Eurasia, also known as Fig Buttercup, was introduced as an
ornamental and is still commercially available. Its aggressive spread in moist
conditions poses a threat to early-blooming spring flowers and thus has a negative
impact on native pollinators. It is reported as invasive in the eastern U. S. as far
south as Tennessee.
Print Version: Problem Plants – Lesser Celandine
Learn more about tried-and-true plants alternatives: Tried and True Fact Sheets.
Tags: Emerges in advance of native spring species, giving it a developmental advantage
Spreads rapidly to form impenetrable blanket on forest floor, Displaces native ephemerals, which provide critical nectar and pollen for native pollinators, Especially noxious in riparian woodland habitats, Develops dense network of roots and tubers, Complete removal of tubers is challenging, Foam Flower (Tiarella cordifolia), Golden Ragwort (Packera aurea), Green and Gold (Chrysogonum virginianum), Marsh Marigold (Caltha palustris), Spring Beauty (Claytonia virginica), Trillums (Trillium spp.), Virginia Bluebells (Mertensia virginica), Wild Geranium (Geranium maculatum) NOTE: DO NOT replace with Yellow Wood Poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum), which, although a native plant, is invasive in this part of the state.