Problem Plant: Autumn Olive
Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata)
Introduced from Asia as an ornamental in 1830, this shrub has been commonly
cultivated for wildlife habitat and planted along roadsides for erosion control. Its
high seed production, as well as its adverse affect on the nitrogen cycle, now
threatens native plant communities in many national parks in Virginia.
Print Version: Problem Plant: Autumn Olive
Learn more about these plants: Tried and True Fact Sheets.
Tags: One of the most troublesome invasive shrubs in the eastern U. S., Forms large stands, eradicating all vegetation
beneath, Abundant fruit contributes to undesirable spread by birds into natural habitats, Quickly re-sprouts after fire or cutting, Can grow on bare mineral substrates, Drought-tolerant shrub with berries, (More drought-tolerant:), Arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum), Black Haw (Viburnum prunifolium), Fringetree (Chionanthus virginicus), Maple-Leaf Viburnum (Viburnum acerfolium), Possum Haw (Viburnum nudum), Sweetfern (Comptonia peregrina), (Need more moisture:), Spicebush (Lindera benzoin), Winterberry Holly (Ilex verticillata)