Hamamelis virginiana, Witch Hazel


Shrub, Height: 15–20 feet, Spread: 15–20 feet, Bloom color: Yellow, Deciduous tall shrub or small tree with multistemmed clump or low branching form, Medium green, broadly oval, scalloped leaves, Four yellow, twisted ribbon-like petals cluster on upper branches from September to December, Green seed capsules mature over a year to a light brown & when flowers next appear eject their seeds, Yellow to pale orange fall foliage, Spreads by seeds although suckers can form colony, Tolerates heavy clay soil and erosion, No serious pests (though Japanese beetles may munch leaves) or diseases; deer occasionally severely damage; rabbits browse on seedlings, Medicinal uses, Attracts flies & wasps; larval hosts to some moths, Soil Requirements: Average, well-drained, Light Requirements: Full Sun, Partial Shade, Water Requirements: Moist, Protect from constant wind, Remove suckers promptly to prevent spread; prune in early spring if needed, Use as specimen, patio tree, or in a container, Hardiness: USDA Zones 3–8, Excellent Replacement for Acer tataricum var. ginnala - Amur Maple, Elaeagnus umbellata - Autumn Olive, Rhamnus cathartica - Buckthorn

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