Solidago rugosa, Rough-Stemmed Goldenrod
Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic
Golden sprays of flowers brighten the garden from late summer to frost, supporting 115 species of moths, butterflies, native bees, and other insect pollinators. The cultivar ‘Fireworks’ is more compact, easier to contain, and flowers more vigorously than the species.
In the Sunny Garden and at Simpson Gardens you will find the two best herbaceous plants for attracting butterflies and moths–goldenrod and aster–planted side by side. Two native species of goldenrod in this video feature a variety of pollinating insects. Predators that feed on flower nectar include solitary digger wasps, one that preys on bees and the other primarily on adult beetles as well as the invasive but arguably beneficial European paper wasp, which preys on caterpillars and other garden pests. Also present is the brilliantly colored, native locust borer. Although a serious pest of the black locust tree, it provides important cross-pollination services as it satisfies its appetite for pollen.
Video © 2017 Mary Free
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Print Version: Solidago rugosa, Rough-Stemmed Goldenrod
Learn more about other Mid-Atlantic plants: Tried and True Plant Fact Sheets