Ilex verticillata (Winterberry)

Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic

This native* deciduous holly produces prodigious quantities of plump, red, berry-like fruit (called drupes), which decorate the plant from mid-fall into early spring. ‘Red Sprite,’ a female dwarf cultivar, needs the services of the male ‘Jim Dandy’ to make fruit. Purchase at least two females and one male for a “berry” good show.

 *It is frequent to common throughout the Mid-Atlantic Region.

Print version (Legal Size): Ilex verticillata (Winterberry)

Ilex verticillata, Winterberry  Viburnum dilatatum - Linden Viburnum, Rubus phoenicolasius - Wineberry, Rhamnus cathartica & R. frangula - European (or Common) & Glossy (or Shining) Buckthorns, Lonicera species - Bush Honeysuckles, Eleagnus umbellata - Autumn Olive, Berberis thunbergii - Japanese Barberry, Hardiness: USDA Zones 3-9, Use as hedge, in rain garden, or to control erosion, Prune in early spring before new growth appears, Plant 1 male for up to 10 females (same species with same bloom time) within 40 feet of each other, Soil Requirements: Fertile, well-drained acidic, Provides food for mammals/48 bird species & cover, Drupes are poisonous to humans, Brilliant red drupes mature late August to September; male plant needed for females to bear fruit, Greenish-white flowers in June and July, Quilted green foliage
Learn more about other Mid-Atlantic plants: Tried and True Plant Fact Sheets