Pinus strobus (Eastern White Pine)

Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic 

Eastern White Pine is the largest conifer of forests in the eastern and upper midwestern United States.* It is common in the Virginia mountains and is native to NoVA except to Arlington. It neither abides air pollution of urban and populated areas nor salt spray, but given the right environment and enough room to grow, this conifer will become a magnificent specimen.

*It is native to DC; to MD’s northern counties and those surrounding DC; and throughout PA. It is adventive in DE. In VA, it is infrequent in the Piedmont and rare in the Coastal Plain.

Print Version (Legal Size): Pinus strobus (Eastern White Pine)
Pinus strobus, Eastern White Pine Tree Height: 50–80 feet Spread: 30–50 feet Bloom Color: Yellow and red to purplish Characteristics Evergreen conifer with conical to irregular shape Tufts of blue-green needles borne in feathery clusters of five at the ends of twigs Small yellow pollen & pink seed cones May-July Seed cones mature to brown 4–8” long Aug-Oct Central trunk; mature bark ridged and furrowed; tiered, horizontal branches—1 row added per year Attributes Sensitive to drought, intense heat, strong winds, salt, air pollution, heavy snow/ice, and some pests & diseases; deer seldom-to-frequently severely dam- age (saplings vulnerable if deer are overpopulated) Fast growing when young; can live a long timeWinter interestNeedles, rich in Vitamin C, make a good tisaneFood/cover for wildlife; host to Eastern Pine Elfin Growing and Maintenance Tips Soil Requirements: Moist, well-drained soil Light Requirements: Sun, Partial Shade Water Requirements: Dry, Moist Mature trees prefer full sun Transplants well; easy to maintain Use as ornamental lawn tree for large landscapes *It is native to DC; to MD’s northern counties and those surrounding DC; and throughout PA. It is adventive in DE. In VA, it is infrequent in the Piedmont and rare in the Coastal Plain. Hardiness: USDA Zones 3–8 Excellent Replacement for Cedrus atlantica - Atlas Cedar Larix decidua - European Larch Picea abies - Norway Spruce Pinus nigra - Austrian Pine Pinus sylvestris - Scots Pine
Learn more about other Mid-Atlantic plants: Tried and True Plant Fact Sheets.