Bignonia capreolata, Cross-vine

Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic

This semi-evergreen vine can cling to stone, brick, and wood without support. Found in forests and along roadsides mainly in the South, its showy, two-tone flowers are an early nectar source for butterflies and hummingbirds. Cross-vine refers to the cross-shaped pattern of the cut stem.

Print Version: Bignonia capreolata, Cross-vine Bignonia capreolata, Crossvine Height: 30–45 feet Spread: 6–9 feet Bloom Color: Orange outside with a yellow throat; rarely yellow or deep orange-red outside Characteristics Climbing, woody, semi-evergreen vine Climbs by means of clawed tendrils Glossy, dark green leaves in pairs remain only on upper portion of plant Long, tubular, fragrant flowers hang in clusters of two to five from May to June Flat, green fruit capsules mature to brown August to October Reddish-purple foliage in fall persists into winter Spreads rapidly by root suckers; can be invasive Attributes Tolerates shade, drought, brief flooding; no serious pests or diseases; deer seldom severely damage Ethnobotanic uses Attracts butterflies, hummingbirds, and mammals Growing and Maintenance Tips Soil Requirements: Average, well-drained Light Requirements: Sun, Partial Shade Water Requirements: Dry, Moist, Wet Flowers best in sun; after bloom, prune if needed Cut root suckers to control aggressive growth Use as climber on arbors & fences or as a ground cover [It will climb any structure it encounters.] *In VA, it is frequent to common in the southern and central Coastal Plain, southern Piedmont, and portions of the far southwestern mountains and rare elsewhere. It is native to NoVA except for Prince William County. It may be indigenous to some areas in Maryland. Hardiness: USDA Zones 5–9 Excellent Replacement for Akebia quinata - Chocolate Vine Celastrus orbiculatus - Oriental Bittersweet Clematis terniflora - Sweet Autumn Clematis Jasminum dichotomum - Jasmine Lonicera japonica - Japanese Honeysuckle
Learn more about other Mid-Atlantic plants:  Tried and True Plant Fact Sheets